In the first half of this course, the concept and pillars of knowledge digitization and machine learning will be briefly discussed as important components in transforming Malaysian from a labour-driven economy to a knowledge-driven society. The second half of this course then will introduce systematic strategies and best practices for conducting research and writing scientific reports in an ethical and concise manner. Throughout the semester, emphasis will also be on the IR4.0 skills, which are the 4Cs - Communication, Collaboration, Critical Thinking, and Creativity.